caccia p 47 thunderbolt

She was a dream to handle in the air. Spitfire "Pushing The Envelope With Test Pilot Herb Fisher". In total 15,636 were built between 1941 and 1945. In 1950, P-47 Thunderbolts were used to suppress the declaration of independence in Puerto Rico by nationalists during the Jayuya Uprising. [32] The fighters were assigned to high-altitude air defense over major cities in rear areas. [28] In the early 1980s, this unit was awarded the "Presidential Unit Citation" by the American government in recognition for its achievements in World War II. YF+U is the Ex-358 FS plane. As he spoke we heard an unusual engine noise outside and one of the new fighters landed and taxied up beside one of our The P-47 Thunderbolt is Extremely Durable Lieutenant Q Aanenson, a member of the American 9th Airforce, returns his plane to base with a collapsed undercarriage after being hit by flak, 26th August 1944. P47D 460th Fighter squadron Philippines 1944, P47N 437th fighter squadron Iwo Jima 1945, P47D Groupe de chasse III/3 Ardennes 1944, Broadcast radio interviews of several wartime P-47 pilots appear on the CD audiobook USAAF at War 1942–45, including an account by Lieutenant J.K. Dowling of ground support operations around Cherbourg in June 1944, and a group of four pilots from the 362nd Fighter Wing (Ninth Air Force) in conversation at their mess in Rouvres, France on 24 December 1944 during the Battle of the Bulge.[73]. "Thunderbolt's Own Back Yard!" On the way back from the raids, pilots shot up ground targets of opportunity, and also used belly shackles to carry bombs on short-range missions, which led to the realization that the P-47 could perform a dual-function on escort missions as a fighter-bomber. He was shot down and killed over Wewak in March 1944. • Armor plating to protect the pilot. Within seconds their airspeed indicated the equivalent of 725 mph. Shown is a XP-47N fitted with a bubble canopy. But Goodson learned to appreciate the P-47's potential: "There were many U.S. pilots who preferred the P-47 to anything else: they do not agree that the (Fw) 190 held an overall edge against it."[39]. However, they were not well liked, as the Italian pilots were used to much lighter aircraft and found the controls too heavy. At high altitude, she was a hot ship and very fast in the dive; the technique was not to mix it with the enemy, but to pounce on him from above, make one quick pass and get back up to altitude; if anyone tried to escape from a Thunderbolt by diving, we had him cold. It was lost in an accident on 8 August 1942 but before that mishap, the prototype had achieved a level speed of 412 mph (663 km/h) at 25,800 ft (7,900 m) altitude and had demonstrated a climb from sea level to 15,000 ft (4,600 m) in five minutes.[12]. The first tasks of the Thunderbolt were high-altitude escort duties and fighter sweeps in which the new aircraft acquitted itself well, despite the inexperience of its pilots. The P-47N was the last variant of the famed P-47 Thunderbolt to ever be produced. [16] Although the North American P-51 Mustang replaced the P-47 in the long-range escort role in Europe, the Thunderbolt still ended the war with 3,752 air-to-air kills claimed in over 746,000 sorties of all types, at the cost of 3,499 P-47s to all causes in combat. I combattimenti in … By the late 1950s the P-47 was considered obsolete but were well suited for COIN tasks. A present-day U.S. ground-attack aircraft, the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, takes its name from the P-47. Sep 4, 2020 - Explore Robert Miner's board "French P-47D Thunderbolts" on Pinterest. With increases in fuel capacity as the type was refined, the range of escort missions over Europe steadily increased until the P-47 was able to accompany bombers in raids all the way into Germany. The XP-47A, which had little in common with the new design, was abandoned. Ducted air is then fed to the centrifugal impeller and returned via an intercooler to the engine under pressure. [17] By the end of the war, the 56th FG was the only 8th Air Force unit still flying the P-47, by preference, instead of the P-51. Johnson scored 27 kills in the P-47 while flying with the 56th Fighter Group. Focke-Wulf Fw 190A. In a ground attack role, the armor-piercing (AP), armor-piercing incendiary (API), and armor-piercing incendiary tracer (APIT) ammunition proved useful in penetrating thin-skinned and lightly armored German vehicles and exploding their fuel tanks, as well as occasionally damaging some types of enemy armored fighting vehicles (AFVs).[44]. When fully loaded, the P-47 weighed up to eight tons, making it one of the heaviest fighters of the war. He found it easy to fly and stable upon take-off and landing, but it showed excessive rolling stability and poor directional stability. Created September 20, 1997. The 4th Fighter Group's commander hated the P-47, and his prejudices filtered down to the group's pilots; the 4th had the fewest kills of any of the first three P-47 squadrons in Europe.[37]. France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, Mexico and Brazil also operated the P-47. In 791 sorties against Japanese forces, the 201st lost no pilots or aircraft to enemy action.[29]. At this altitude, this airspeed would put them beyond the speed of sound, but this would only be indicated airspeed since the terminal velocity of the P-47 is 600 mph,10 and the airspeed indicator was a straight pitot-static system with no air data computer for altitude and temperature correction. Il progetto del Thunderbolt cominciò nel 1939, quando gli Stati Uniti erano ancora spettatori della guerra inizialmente confinata in Europa. The air-conditioned cockpit was roomy and the pilot's seat was comfortable—"like a lounge chair", as one pilot later put it. Nicknamed 'The Jug', it destroyed 160,000 enemy vehicles, 11,874 enemy aircraft, and 9,000 trains. In mid-1944, 200 P-47D-22-REs and P-47D-27-REs were ferried to the USSR via Iraq and Iran. From March 1945 to the end of the war in the Pacific—as Mexico had declared war on the Axis on May 22, 1942—the Mexican Escuadrón Aéreo de Pelea 201 (201st Fighter Squadron) operated P-47Ds as part of the U.S. 5th Air Force in the Philippines. The turbosupercharger in the P-47 gave the powerplant its maximum power at 27,000 ft (8,200 m) and, in the thin air above 30,000 ft (9,100 m), the Thunderbolt remained fast and nimble compared to other aircraft. The first P-47 air combat took place 15 April with Major Don Blakeslee of the 4th FG scoring the Thunderbolt's first air victory (against a Focke-Wulf Fw 190). If a conventional undercarriage were to be employed, its suspension would have been too far outboard to permit the wing installation of the guns and ammunition Though the XP-47B had its share of teething troubles, the newly reorganized United States Army Air Forces placed an order for 171 production aircraft, the first being delivered in December 1941. On August 4, 1944, this plane reached a level speed of 504 mph. The engine exhaust gases were routed into a pair of wastegate-equipped pipes that ran along each side of the cockpit to drive the turbosupercharger turbine at the bottom of the fuselage, about halfway between cockpit and tail. The P-47 Thunderbolt was designed by Alexander Kartveli, a man of Georgian descent. Long range fuel tanks[26] gave five hours of endurance. Below is a P-47D-1 with white bands on the nose and tail to distinguish it from the Gradually, we learned how to fight in the Thunderbolt. fighter pilots banteringly suggested that their American The first P-47 combat mission took place 10 March 1943 when the 4th FG took their aircraft on a fighter sweep over France. Lake, Jon. [9] The complicated turbosupercharger system with its ductwork gave the XP-47B a deep fuselage, and the wings had to be mounted in a relatively high position. Dec 21, 2019 - Explore William M.'s board "P-47 Thunderbolt", followed by 183 people on Pinterest. in our nimble Spitfire Vs—now this lumbering seven-ton Later was received the code 7+9 while under evaluation at, 85 units 1st Brazilian Fighter Group, 1944–1954. They appreciated the high production standards and rational design well-suited to mass production, and the high reliability of the hard-hitting Browning machine guns. The XP-47B was very heavy compared with contemporary single-engined fighters, with an empty weight of 9,900 lb (4,500 kg), or 65 per cent more than the YP-43. It was armed with an impressive eight .50-caliber machine guns with 425 rounds per gun. [8] The United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) backed the project and gave it the designation XP-47. The initial Thunderbolt flyers, 56th Fighter Group, was sent overseas to join the 8th Air Force. By mid-1943, the Jug was also in service with the 12th Air Force in Italy[15] and against the Japanese in the Pacific, with the 348th Fighter Group flying missions out of Port Moresby, New Guinea. Nicknamed the "Jug" owing to its appearance if stood on its nose, the P-47 was noted for its firepower, as well as its ability to resist battle damage and remain airworthy. Panzer IV vs Sherman: France 1944 by Steven Zaloga, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 18:41. It was developed too late to see much action in Europe and was primarily used in the Pacific theater. More than 400,000 of the 16 million Americans who served in WWII perished during the conflict, and 72,766 remain missing . Initial mock dog-fights between Thunderbolts and Although there were minor problems, such as some cockpit smoke that turned out to be due to an oil drip, the aircraft proved impressive in its early trials. Both the Bf 109 and Fw 190 could, like the Spitfire, out-turn and out-climb the early model P-47s at low-to-medium altitude. Larry Davis. [33], After World War II, the Chinese Nationalist Air Force received 102 P-47Ds used during the Chinese Civil War. Once paddle blade propellers were added to the P-47 in early 1944, climb performance improved significantly. In spite of its early shortcomings, the P-47 at least showed promise as a measure of real protection for Allied bombers which had previously suffered very heavy losses. It was used in a Nazi propaganda film. (5,262 kg) which was more than twice the weight of its contemporaries such as the. ", "1º Grupo de Caça da Força Aérea Brasileira" (Brazilian Air Force 1st Fighter Squadron), List of surviving Republic P-47 Thunderbolts, List of military aircraft of the United States, "Alexander de Seversky, Russian Ace of World War One, Aircraft Designer & Founder of Republic Aviation. P-47s were used extensively in aerial clashes over the Taiwan Strait between Nationalist and Communist aircraft. P-47 Thunderbolt er et amerikansk jagerfly, bygget af Republic.. P-47 Thunderbolt er et af de mest kendte og mest robuste amerikanske fly fra 2. verdenskrig, hvor det blev anvendt af US Army Air Forces og RAF som jagerfly og jagerbomber.. P-47 Thunderbolt blev bl.a. Main and auxiliary self-sealing fuel tanks were placed under the cockpit, giving a total fuel capacity of 305 US gal (254 imp gal; 1,155 l). 354 P-47Gs were built by Curtiss in Buffalo and 130 P-47Ms were built with a 2,500 hp engine giving a maximum speed of 473 mph (761 km/h). Unlike their Western counterparts, the VVS made little use of the P-47 as a ground attack aircraft, depending instead on their own widely produced—with 36,183 examples built during the war—special-purpose, armored ground-attack aircraft, the Ilyushin Il-2. With the end of World War II, orders for 5,934 were cancelled. The Thunderbolt was effective as a short-to medium-range escort fighter in high-altitude air-to-air combat and ground attack in both the European and Pacific theaters. Seversky P-35, the XP-41, P-43 Lancer and XP-44 Rocket. squadron/signal publications - N°1067 - 1984 ISBN 0-89747-161-X Soviet engineers disassembled the third aircraft to examine its construction. P-47s served as spotters for rescue aircraft such as the OA-10 Catalina and Boeing B-17H. The U.S. ace Jim Goodson, who had flown Spitfires with the RAF and flew a P-47 in 1943, at first shared the skepticism of other pilots for their "seven-ton milk-bottles". At first, they viewed their new fighter with misgivings. Page 4 illustration of M10 triple-tube launcher, "USAAF at War (1942-45): Audiobook CD on CD41 label. The Czech composer Bohuslav Martinu, while in residence in the US wrote an orchestral scherzo in 1945 entitled P-47 Thunderbolt (H 309) in tribute to the aircraft and its role in World War II. [42], The P-47 proved to be a formidable fighter-bomber due to its good armament, heavy bomb load and ability to survive enemy fire. [35], The P-47 first saw action with the 4th Fighter Group. The P-47M version was used for anti V1 Flying Bomb duties. The men of the 9th fly P.47 Thunderbolt aircraft in anti-tank missions against German forces in Normandy. give up our beautiful little The P-47 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Jug, served the United States Army Air Corps (USAAF) in World War II, and 15,636 were built between 1941 and 1945. • Armament of six .50 caliber machine guns, preferably eight. The Thunderbolt was given German markings. [43] The Thunderbolt's eight .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns were capable against lightly armored targets, although less so than cannon-armed aircraft of the day. Zemke flew a P-38 for three of his kills. This provided a decisive method of breaking off combat when necessary, but at low and medium altitudes it could not match the rate of climb or maneuverability of German fighters. However, mistakes in aircraft recognition were common while making split-second decisions in the frantic pace of combat. Nakajima Ki44-II Hei Hasegawa The Chinese Communists captured five P-47Ds from the Chinese Nationalist forces. The final model, the P-47N, had extended wings and an additional 100 US gallons of fuel. The mission was a failure due to radio malfunctions. Although this propeller was an admirable solution to the power gearing of the engine, the problem remained of providing sufficient ground clearance for its 12-foot (3.66 m) diameter. But German pilots gradually learned to avoid diving away from a Thunderbolt. In total 15,636 were built between 1941 and 1945. Three P-47D-10-REs were ferried to the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) via Alaska in March 1944. Français : Le Republic P-47 Thunderbolt fut l'un des chasseurs américains les plus importants de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, et l'un des avions les plus produits de tous les temps avec plus de 15 000 exemplaires construits. Kurt Bühligen, a high-scoring German fighter ace with 112 victories, recalled: The P-47 was very heavy, too heavy for some maneuvers. © Larry Dwyer. The U.S. sent 203 P-47Ds to the Soviet Union. The war was moving on and we had to move with it. A contract was awarded on September 6, 19403 for the new XP-47B prototype and the maiden flight was only eight months later on May 6, 1941.4 The new plane dwarfed its pilots and all previous fighters, but it still proved to be an outstanding success. By 1944, the Thunderbolt was in combat with the USAAF in all its operational theaters except Alaska. Production plans were shelved in favor of another P-47 development, the Republic XP-72. Although the Thunderbolt was certainly big, making it the largest and heaviest WWII single engined single-seat fighter ever built, its sheer size was not to prove detrimental to the Thunderbolt's subsequent operational career. Even more important, at last we had a fighter with the range to penetrate deeply into enemy territory—where the action was. The fastest model was the XP-47J, which did not go into production. France, the United Kingdom, Soviet Union, Mexico and Brazil also operated the P-47. P-47D Thunderbolt "Hairless Joe" Camo 1500mm (59") Wingspan - ARF from Nexa - NXA1002-001. ", "Achtung! It was to replace the Seversky P-35 developed earlier by a Russian immigrant named Alexander P. de Seversky. "P-47 Thunderbolt Part 2: Final developments and combat in the Mediterranean, Far East and Pacific". P-47 Thunderbolt (5) 15min 2010 13+ The Thunderbolt was one of the heaviest (10,000 pounds empty), but one of the fastest (433 mph) planes of WWII, and could climb up to 41,000 feet. Luftwaffe ace Heinz Bär said that the P-47 "could absorb an astounding amount of lead [from shooting at it] and had to be handled very carefully". All P-47s were refitted with British radios, and missions resumed 8 April. The latter was a lightweight aircraft powered by the Allison V-1710 liquid-cooled V-12 engine and armed with two .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns mounted in the nose and four .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns mounted in the wings. The P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II fighter aircraft built by Republic Aviation from 1941 to 1945. The P-47 design team headed by Alexander Kartveli, Republic Aircraft Corporation's chief engineer, originally presented a design that was to be powered by a 1,150 hp The arrival of the new Curtiss paddle blade propeller significantly increased climb rate at lower altitudes and came as a surprise to German pilots who had resorted to steep climbs to evade pursuit by the P-47. requested by the USAAF. Since this phenomena was not unique only to the P-47, later model airspeed indicators showed airspeeds up to 700 mph. The guns were staggered to allow feeding from side-by-side ammunition boxes, each with 350 rounds. [31] In mid-1943, the Soviet high command showed an interest in the P-47B. 0.50 caliber inch machine guns.1 A contract was awarded by the USAAC in November 1939, and for an even lighter XP-47A, but as intelligence was coming back from the war in Europe, it was becoming apparent that the performance goals of the XP-47 program were already inadequate. When his unit (4th Fighter Group) was equipped with Thunderbolts, ace Don Blakeslee said, referring to the P-47's vaunted ability to dive on its prey, "It ought to be able to dive. The Story of the IX TAC. Some fought Castro's rebellion. Teljesen feltöltve nehezebb volt, mint a német Do 17 bombázó, így a legnehezebb egymotoros vadászgép volt a háború során. We were soon to re-equip with the very latest American fighter, the P-47 Thunderbolt. At full power, the pipes glowed red at their forward ends and the turbine spun at 21,300 rpm. The Air Corps ordered a prototype in September as the XP-47B. [10] The armament was eight .50 caliber (12.7 mm) "light-barrel" Browning AN/M2 machine guns, four in each wing. This unit flew a total of 445 missions from November 1944 to May 1945 over northern Italy and Central Europe, with 15 P-47s lost to German flak and five pilots being killed in action. When we strapped into a Spitfire we felt snug and part of the aircraft—the Thunderbolt cockpit, on the other hand, was so large that we felt if we slipped off the goddamned seat we would break a leg! He planned to use the new 2,000 hp, All these features were costly in weight and the airplane would have a take-off weight of 11,600 lb. [Note 2] Both had fled from their homeland, Tbilisi, in Georgia to escape the Bolsheviks. These machines were delivered between 1947 and 1950. The large P-47 Thunderbolt turbo-supercharger was stowed internally in the rear fuselage, with a large air intake duct mounted under the engine, together with the engine oil coolers. Colonel J.L. All eight guns gave the fighter a combined rate of fire of approximately 100 rounds per second. The armored cockpit was relatively roomy and comfortable and the bubble canopy introduced on the P-47D offered good visibility. Nevertheless, the stability, payload and high speed were appreciated. Lake, Jon. Once the P-47 caught up to its prey, one burst from its eight 0.50 machine guns would obliterate anything it got a bead on. Spitfires in turns. The P-47's survivability was due in part to its radial piston engine, which unlike comparable liquid-cooled engines, had a high tolerance for damage. Spitfire. Laughlin, of the 362nd Fighter Group, smokes a cigar with his dog mascot “Prince” inside the cockpit of his P-47D serial 44-33287 “Five By Five” (coded B8-A) A two-seat P-47 Thunderbolt nicknamed “Astra” of the 365th Fighter Group. In the Pacific, Colonel Neel E. Kearby of the Fifth Air Force claimed 22 Japanese aircraft and was awarded the Medal of Honor for an action in which he downed six enemy fighters on a single mission. Power came from a Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp two-row 18-cylinder radial engine producing 2,000 hp (1,500 kW) — the same engine that would power the prototype Vought XF4U-1 fighter to just over 400 mph (640 km/h) in October 1940—with the Double Wasp on the XP-47B turning a four-bladed Curtiss Electric constant-speed propeller of 146 in (3.7 m) in diameter. "[38] (Blakeslee's early-model P-47C had not been fitted with the new paddle blade propeller). "P-47" redirects here. This allows the engine to deliver more power as the airplane gains altitude in the thinner air of the upper atmosphere. Spitfires seemed to confirm these feelings—we lost four Thunderbolt pilots in rapid succession, spinning in from low level, while trying to match The Republic P-47 was the successor of a line of airplanes derived from the Director Lawrence Bond depicted the last months of World War II over Germany as told by four P-47 pilots of the 362nd Fighter Group using original, all color 1945 footage. [Note 6] With eight .50 in (13 mm) machine guns, the P-47 carried more firepower than other single-engined American fighters. Therefore, Kartveli had to design a telescopic landing gear which was nine inches shorter retracted, than when extended. Even with its complicated turbosupercharger system, its sturdy airframe and tough radial engine could absorb a lot of damage and still return home. The final version, the P-47N, was built primarily for use against the Japanese in the Pacific theater. P-47 Pilot's Flight Operation Instructions, April 10, 1942. The RAF received 240 razorback P-47Ds which they designated "Thunderbolt Mark I", and 590 bubbletop P-47D-25s, designated "Thunderbolt Mark IIs". It certainly can't climb. Both had fled from their homeland, Tbilisi, in Georgia to escape the Bolsheviks. In 2015, it was named the state aircraft of Indiana due to its Evansville roots. Those squadrons not disbanded outright after the war re-equipped with British-built aircraft such as the Hawker Tempest.[27]. Also one would have to wonder how this airspeed was calculated since the early P-47 airspeed indicators only went up to 500 mph. The XP-47B was of all-metal construction (except for the fabric-covered tail control surfaces) with elliptical wings, with a straight leading edge that was slightly swept back. providing the necessary tankage for the quantities of fuel stipulated to make the machine the first true single-engined strategic fighter. http://www.aircraftresourcecenter.com/Gal13/12201-12300/gal12272-P-47-Heeps/00.shtm. By Cory Graff Air & Space Magazine, "P-47 Thunderbolt Named Official State Aircraft of Indiana", "Design Analysis of the P-47 Thunderbolt", WWII P-47 pilots' Encounter Reports (4th, 56th, 78th, 352nd, 353rd, 355th, 361st FGs), How to Fly the P-47: Pilot Familiarization. "P-47 Thunderbolt Part 1: Early development and combat in the ETO". In May 1945 it was recaptured at Bad Wörishofen. This was difficult since long-legged main landing gear struts were needed to provide ground clearance for the enormous propeller. The P-47's initial success in combat was primarily due to tactics, using rolls (the P-47 had an excellent roll rate) and energy-saving dive and zoom climbs from high altitude to outmaneuver German fighters. After the first run, they put their P-47Cs into a dive to go to the next level for testing and during the dive, the airplane's speed increased very rapidly. Even now, thirty years after I flew them on operations, the mere sound or sight of a Spitfire brings me a deep feeling of nostalgia and many pleasant memories. [78], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era. Thunderbolts flew escort for RAF Liberators in the bombing of Rangoon. monster seemed infinitely worse, a true air inferiority fighter. Since it was almost twice as heavy as its opponents, it exhibited a poor rate of climb, but had other advantages that more than compensated where it was lacking. It was huge; the British pilots joked that a Thunderbolt pilot could defend himself from a Luftwaffe fighter by running around and hiding in the fuselage. For other uses, see, Fairchild Republic was the most recent incarnation of the original. [32], The Luftwaffe operated at least one captured P-47. The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite. The P-47 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Jug, served the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) in World War II with distinction. The type was provided to many Latin American air forces some of which operated it into the 1960s. By mid-1943, improved P-47Cs were becoming available with external fuel tanks to increase range and a longer fuselage to improve maneuverability. To prevent confusion between the two fighters of the opposing sides, the engine cowlings of the Thunderbolts were painted white and white bands were painted around the vertical and horizontal tail surfaces—an appropriate comment on recognition standards appertaining at that time, as it would seem impossible to mistake the sleek and beautifully-contoured German fighter for the portly Thunderbolt.

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